This integrated project of programmes and designs won first prize in an international contest sponsored by the Fondazione Alario entitled “La Città del Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni” with the objective of turning the Park City into a contemporary Smart City.
The set of ecosystems that typify the Park area was divided into three main areas: Environmental, Naturalistic and Energy; Agri-food, Health and Wellbeing; and Historical-Cultural. For each area, programmes and integrated projects were created that could be implemented regionwide.
With regard to the Smart City idea, a fundamental component was the theme of governance: an efficient coordinated system that schedules sustainable development by linking and implementing various design initiatives.
For this reason, a brand new territorial governance model was developed, based on an inter-institutional solidarity pact to coordinate planning and innovation policies, backed by strategic management to design and identify new ways to network the region's demands and resources.
With regard to the environmental area, specific programmes were proposed focussing on sustainability and reduction in atmospheric emissions.
The analyses carried out showed great potential for energy production from renewable sources inside the Park, especially in the hydroelectric sector, but also using biomass plants or integrated photovoltaic systems.
Specific programming and monitoring steer strategic policy decisions so that the Park can achieve energy self-sufficiency entirely from renewable sources, thereby dramatically reducing atmospheric emissions; at the same time a programme was proposed to make use of existing transport systems in order to facilitate access to the region's amenities and achieve sustainable mobility.
These initiatives aim to strengthen links with the sea, redeveloping the network of small ports with temporary jetties to welcome tourists, as well as boosting the usability of the hinterland, organizing the stations on the Agropoli-Sapri railway line as keystones of routes to discover the region. It has been calculated that this series of projects will allow a reduction in atmospheric emissions of over 300,000 tons of CO2 annually.
The proposals to develop the agri-food area were based, on the one hand, on strengthening the Park's recognized role as a cradle of the Mediterranean Diet through research and advanced training, and on the other, on ways of employing local production.
For this reason an innovative integrated eco-greenhouse model was suggested: a solution for small farms whose structures, created using sustainable materials, alternate with rows of trees that separate production areas while easing their insertion in the landscape; the use of small biomass plants and the recycling of compost allow maximum environmental sustainability from the model; the sector's competitiveness has been further boosted by a proposal to create an intermodal logistics hub at Vallo Scalo.
Because of the historical-cultural setting, the proposals include the implementation of training courses to boost entrepreneurial skills and sensitivity to environmental themes, dissemination of the Park's values through festivals, as well as the creation of “Albergo Diffuso” systems designed to recover derelict historical villages, involving communities of emigrants with a view to a sustainable increase in the hinterland's accommodation potential. The three areas singled out converge seamlessly on the Park's system of gates: a strategic project to promote and capitalize on local resources designed to work on accessibility and user-friendliness, and generate important effects on agri-food and tourist schemes.
The positioning of the Gate System keystones embraces four definitive areas with evocative names: Pelagos the sea gate at Agropoli, Mesotes the gate of the Park's heart at Vallo della Lucania, Agkos the valley gate at Teggiano, Vότος the southern gate at Sapri.
Integrated design and coordination of the multidisciplinary team - Architect Sergio Beccarelli, Policreo S.r.l.
Territorial governance systems - Dr. Nicola Florindo
Socio-economic and demographic analyses - Engineer Luciano Messori
Climate resilience and climate change - Studio Progetto Ambiente S.r.l.
Environmental sustainability and eco-balance - Studio Fieschi & soci S.r.l.
Eco-compatibility and architectural recovery - FABER S.r.l.
Naturalistic and ecosystem areas - Studio Zanzucchi S.r.l.
Agriculture and agri-food - Dr. Nicola Balboni
Geological and hydro-geological areas - ENGEO S.r.l.
Archaeological and historical heritage areas - AR/S Archeosystems